Indiana University Bloomington

Indiana Prevention Resource Center (IPRC)

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Mortality Data

The mortality data is not available now.

Mortality is the most commonly used indicator of the severity of health problems. The causes of death presented at this website are either directly or indirectly associated with alcohol or drug abuse. The number of alcohol or drug associated deaths was determined by applying a fraction that represents the association that each cause of death has with alcohol or drugs. An example of a death directly linked with alcohol abuse is alcohol cirrhosis of the liver. This type of death is counted as one death in computing the mortality rate. In contrast, a chronic pancreatitis death is linked indirectly with alcohol abuse, and therefore is counted as a fraction of a single death. Chronic pancreatitis was assigned a fraction (.60 of a death) to represent the proportion of pancreatitis deaths that are associated with prior alcohol abuse. Deaths indirectly linked with substance abuse contribute significantly to the overall proportion of deaths. If the death rate calculation had been limited to causes that were directly related to substance abuse, then many deaths indirectly related to alcohol and drugs would have remained unrecognized. The alcohol and drug associated fractions used for the mortality data came from The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.

The registration of deaths is a state function. Physicians, hospitals, laboratories and other health care entities are required to submit death reports to the Indiana State Department of Health. All deaths were classified according to codes in the World Health Organization's International Statistical Classification of Diseases (ICD). Deaths occurring from 1994 to 1998 used the version 9 codes; deaths occurring since 1999 used the version 10 codes. To make the categories comparable, a conversion table or crosswalk was developed to match the ICD-9 categories with the ICD-10 categories. The crosswalk is based on information from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.