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Indiana Prevention Resource Center (IPRC)

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  • MH-1 Unhealthy Days
     
  • MH-2 Disorder Deaths
     
  • MH-3a Suicide-Num-Total-Race
     
  • MH-3b-Suicide-Rate-Total-Race
     
  • MH-4a Suicide-Num-Total-Ethnicity
     
  • MH-4b Suicide-Rate-Total-Ethnicity
     
  • MH-5a Suicide-Num-Total-Sex
     
  • MH-5b Suicide-Rate-Total-Sex
     
  • MH-6a Suicide-Num-Race-Sex
     
  • MH-6b Suicide-Rate-Race-Sex
     
  • MH-7a Suicide-Num-Ethnicity-Sex
     
  • MH-7b Suicide-Rate-Ethnicity-sex
     
  • MH-8 Frequent Mental Distress; Insufficient Sleep
     
  • Mh-9 No. and percent of persons < 65 without insurance
     
  • MH-10 Mental Health Providers
     
  • MH-11 Percent of Children in Single-Parent Households; Social Associations; and Rate of Social Association per 10,000 population.
     
  • MH-12 No. and Rate of Drug Overdose Deaths, and Range of Drug Overdose Mortality Rate
     
  • Home > Prev-Stat > County Profiles Data > Introduction

    Mental Health Data


    Demographic Data

    Mental Health conditions and risk and protective factors vary by demographic characteristics. There are sex and age differences in the patterns, symptoms, age of onset, and course of development of mental health disorders. Young boys, for example, are more likely to exhibit aggression or antisocial behavior than are girls. Adolescent girls are more likely to develop eating disorders, depression, think about and attempt suicide. Girls tend to direct inward, boys to act out. Adolescent boys engage in more risky behaviors, have anger problems, and commit suicide more often.

    For all ages men are more likely to die by suicide, women more likely to attempt suicide. Where people have concurrent multiple disorders (comorbidity), they tend to suffer more severe symptoms and disability. Comorbidity both for lifetime and past year are higher for women. Marital status is associated with mental health, positively or negatively. On the one hand, family and social support is an important protective factor. On the other, isolation and conflict are risk factors.

    As adults women are more likely than men to be depressed and anxious, while men more often become addicted and have antisocial behaviors. Both genders are equally likely to develop schizophrenia or bipolar disorders. Earlier onset of schizophrenia is typical of men and severe form of bipolar disorder is more common among women.
    In older adults, Alzheimer’s incidence is the same for each age cohort, but since there are more women than men at these cohorts age, there are more older women overall with this disease.

    For women mental health issues are often related to reproductive biological factors . Social factors related to gender roles and cultural traditions and can also impact mental health, for example, emphasis on body image, degree of autonomy, ability to work and equity of pay can affect a person’s ability to thrive, which, in turn, affect mental health and ability to access care. Traditions that encourage male dependence upon females for everyday survival and that discourage men from expressing emotions increases risk of depression in the face of bereavement, especially loss of a spouse.

    Issues of disparities between racial and ethnic groups, between rural and urban populations, and between person’s based on other characteristics, like immigration status, educational level, disability, religion, etc., lead to mental health issues and impact people’s ability to seek and receive care.

    As described in the Introduction to the Mental Health Data section of County Profiles, substance abuse is a serious and all too common risk factor for mental illness. Substance abuse and addiction are associated with mental health consequences. A causative relationship exists between alcohol addiction and depression whereby greater involvement with alcohol raises risk of depression. (Boden & Fergusson 2011) Depression, in turn, raises the risk of addiction. (Lançon, 2010) Substance abuse is second only to depression in its association with suicide. (Saunders, 2008; CDC, 2009; AFSP, 2011a) and comorbidity of alcohol abuse and depression increases the risk (AFSP, 2011b) The rate of suicide deaths has been found to be associated with alcohol policy in studies done in Slovenia (Pridemore & Snowden, 2009) and in Ireland. There are shared risk factors among youth who die by suicide and those who die in alcohol-related accidents. (McKeon, 2011)

    The following variables are relevant to mental health and are found elsewhere in the County Profiles. Please see also in this section:


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    Basic Demographics

    Population

    Percent of Pop ages: 0-4, 5-9, 10-14, 15-19, 20-14, 25-34, 35-44, 45-54, 55-65, 65+, 85+

    Basic Demographics

    Race-Ethnicty

    Percent of Pop by Race (White, Black, Asian, Native Am, etc.); Ethnicity (Hispanic and Non-Hispanic)

    Basic Demographics

    Marital Status

    Percent of Pop: Never Married, Married, Separated, Divorced, Widowed, with Ranking of counties for Currently Married and for Divorced

    Basic Demographics

    Types of Households

    Married Couple Families, Single Parent Families (Lone Dad, Lone Mom and Total of Lone Parents) and Non-Family Headed as Percent of all HH w/ Children

    Basic Demographics

    Employment by Civilian/Military

    Labor Force(percent of pop) by Civilian Employed, Unemployed; Military

    Basic Demographics

    Employment by Industry

    Labor Force (percent of pop) by Blue Collar, White Collar, and Service

    Basic Demographics

    Labor Force by Occupation

    Labor Force (percent of pop) by, e.g., management, sales and office, construction, etc.

    Community Risk Factors: Extreme Social & Economic Deprivation

    Free or Reduced School Lunch

    Percent of Students receiving free/reduced lunch; change from last year

    Community Risk Factors: Extreme Social & Economic Deprivation

    Food Stamps

    Ave FS Recipients/mo; change from last year

    Community Risk Factors: Extreme Social & Economic Deprivation

    Temporary Aid to Needy Families

    Temporary Aid to Needy Families; change from last year

    Community Risk Factors: Extreme Social & Economic Deprivation

    Poverty

    Persons in Poverty (percent of pop): All Persons, Persons under 18, Children 5-17

    Community Risk Factors: Extreme Social & Economic Deprivation

    Families w/Children in Poverty

    (% in Pov w/ child) of Marr Cpl Fam, of Single Dad Fam, Single Mom Fam, All Single Parents Fam

    Community Risk Factors: Extreme Social & Economic Deprivation

    Unemployment Rate

    Unemployment Rate for each year, this year and past years

    Community Level Epidemiological Indicators

    Alcohol and Drug Mortality Data

    Mortality is the most commonly used indicator of the severity of health problems. The causes of death presented are directly or indirectly associated with alcohol or drug abuse.

    Community Level Epidemiological Indicators

    Alcohol and Drug -Related Arrest Data

    Alcohol and Drug-Related Arrests calculated using the FBI UCR and the FBI fractions that estimate the percent of crimes such as murders and burglaries that were committed under the influence of drugs or alcohol.

    Community Level Epidemiological Indicators

    Episode Data by Year, Social Demographics, Primary Drug of Abuse, and Treatment Modality

    Counts of episodes where services were received from state funded substance abuse treatment programs. Demographics are based on county of residence of person receiving treatment. By primary drug of abuse and treatment modality. Can be searched by gender, age, race, ethnicity, and combinations thereof.



    References
    World Health Organization. (2002) Gender and Mental Health. Retrieved 11-1-2011 from http://whqlibdoc.who.int/gender/2002/a85573.pdf