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Indiana Prevention Resource Center (IPRC)

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  • MH-1 Unhealthy Days
     
  • MH-2 Disorder Deaths
     
  • MH-3a Suicide-Num-Total-Race
     
  • MH-3b-Suicide-Rate-Total-Race
     
  • MH-4a Suicide-Num-Total-Ethnicity
     
  • MH-4b Suicide-Rate-Total-Ethnicity
     
  • MH-5a Suicide-Num-Total-Sex
     
  • MH-5b Suicide-Rate-Total-Sex
     
  • MH-6a Suicide-Num-Race-Sex
     
  • MH-6b Suicide-Rate-Race-Sex
     
  • MH-7a Suicide-Num-Ethnicity-Sex
     
  • MH-7b Suicide-Rate-Ethnicity-sex
     
  • MH-8 Frequent Mental Distress; Insufficient Sleep
     
  • Mh-9 No. and percent of persons < 65 without insurance
     
  • MH-10 Mental Health Providers
     
  • MH-11 Percent of Children in Single-Parent Households; Social Associations; and Rate of Social Association per 10,000 population.
     
  • MH-12 No. and Rate of Drug Overdose Deaths, and Range of Drug Overdose Mortality Rate
     
  • Home > Prev-Stat > County Profiles Data > Introduction

    Mental Health Data


    Functioning

    Like physical well-being, mental well-being is critical to a person's ability to function, to live a normal life. Mental activities are facilitated by the brain. Abnormalities or variations in brain functioning can produce the symptoms of mental illness. Neuroscience, which looks at the relationship between molecular events and the way people think and behave, alone and in society, has highlighted the interdependency of the mental and the physical, in other words, of mental health and physical health. (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1999)

    Consequently, physical illnesses and diseases create direct and/or indirect risks for mental illness: direct due to impact on brain function and indirect due to social and psychological impacts. In the case of drug addiction, the brain is altered to experience a strong perceived need to take more of the drug, depleting self-control along with the capacity to make good decisions. (NIDA, 2010) Addiction affects not only the mental health of the addict but can also affect the physical and mental well-being of the family and associates of the addicted individual.

    The implications for mental health that arise from the relationship between the brain and our ability to function are further exemplified by the course of such diseases as Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, Lewy body disease, and Multiple sclerosis. While some conditions can lead to dementia, other simply interfere with the person's ability to physically navigate their world. These conditions can make every day activities difficult and this loss of ability to function can result in feelings of inadequacy, embarrassment, isolation, and depression. In this way, just as poor mental health can cause problems in a person's ability to function in social, emotional and behavioral ways, so, too, physical problems can trigger mental problems.

    Stigma is another example of this. Stigma threatens mental well-being, whether the stigma is attached to physical or mental conditions, whatever the society currently focuses on as criteria for judgment, e.g., standards for beauty or respect. For this reason we need to remain vigilant, attentive to our own actions and reactions, to avoid engaging in behaviors that unfairly judge or deride people based on their differences. Bullying and abuse take many forms and have impacts that reach far beyond the intent or awareness of the perpetrator.

    Impacts to mental well-being, whether triggered by physical or other causes, can lead to mental disorders, including depression. Depression is manifest in negative moods, loss of interest, not feeling pleasure, sense of guilt, lack of self-esteem, problems in sleeping, eating too much or too little, and difficulty with concentration. Depression can impair ability to carry out self-care and social responsibilities. It can move a person to attempt suicide. According to the World Health Organization, depression on a global scale is the primary cause of disability and for persons aged 15-44 is the second leading cause of global burden of disease. By 2020 it is expected to rank 1st for all ages. (WHO, 2011)

    In addition to data on substance use behaviors elsewhere throughout the County Profiles, here are presented twelve additional tables.  Data for mentally unhealthy days  is considered an excellent measure of frequent mental distress (FMD), believed by the CDC to be a key indicator of health related quality of life (HRQOL), and hence of for mental health and well-being. (CDC, 2011c)  Mental Health Disorder Deaths provides data for the incidence of fatalities attributed to this cause. Suicide data give numbers to show incidence and rates to show prevalence for total deaths, deaths by gender, by race, by ethnicity, by race and sex, and by ethnicity and sex.

    Lack of or limited access to mental health care and/or to insurance coverage has serious implications for a person's ability to seek treatment and maintain recovery. Both have implications for the progression of health problems and for prevention.   Lack of insurance is often linked to poverty, another risk factor for mental health problems.

    Social connectedness is critical for well-being, beginning with nurturing and bonding from infancy to social and family support at the end of life. At every stage of our lives we desire and need social connectedness. Lack of it causes poor mental health and also affects physical well-being. We present here both the county's rank (from best, 1, to worst, 92) for having a family and social support system (source: CHR) and the percent of the county's adults population with no social/emotional support .


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    Community Risk Factors: Laws and Norms

    Alcohol Spending; Alcohol Consequences; Alcohol-Related Crashes

    Data for alcohol spending per household and as a percent of median household income; links to complementary resources related to the consequences of alcohol abuse; and data for alcohol-related crashes

    Community Risk Factors: Laws and Norms

    Tobacco Spending; Smoking Behaviors; Tobacco Consequences

    Data for tobacco spending per household; data on number of cigarettes or packs of cigarettes smoked per day or in the past 7 days and types of cigarettes smoked; links to complementary data and informational resources related to the consequences of tobacco use.

    Community Risk Factors: Extreme Social & Economic Deprivation

    Health Insurance Status

    Data on percentage of adults with health insurance, including source of insurance, e.g., from work, a union, Medicaid or Medicare.

    Indiana County Health Rankings

    Health Behaviors

    Includes rankings by health behaviors, including smoking, alcohol use, diet and exercise, and unsafe sex.

    Community Level Epidemiological Indicators

    Alcohol and Drug Mortality Data

    Mortality is the most commonly used indicator of the severity of health problems. The causes of death presented are directly or indirectly associated with alcohol or drug abuse.

    Community Level Epidemiological Indicators

    Alcohol and Drug -Related Arrest Data

    Alcohol and Drug-Related Arrests calculated using the FBI UCR and the FBI fractions that estimate the percent of crimes such as murders and burglaries that were committed under the influence of drugs or alcohol.

    Community Level Epidemiological Indicators

    Episode Data by Year, Social Demographics, Primary Drug of Abuse, and Treatment Modality

    Counts of episodes where services were received from state funded substance abuse treatment programs. Demographics are based on county of residence of person receiving treatment. By primary drug of abuse and treatment modality. Can be searched by gender, age, race, ethnicity, and combinations thereof.



    References
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2011c) Mental Health: Health Related Quality of Life. Retrieved 10-24-2011 from www.cdc.gov/mentalhealth/about_us/hrql.htm, July 1, 2011

    National Institute on Drug Abuse. The Science of Drug Abuse and Addiction: Drugs and the Brain. (2010) Retrieved 1-11-2012 from http://drugabuse.gov/scienceofaddiction/brain.html.

    U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (1999) Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General—Executive Summary. Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Mental Health Services, National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Mental Health. Retrieved 10-31-2011 from http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/mentalhealth/summary.html

    World Health Organization. Depression. Retrieved 11-1-2011 from http://www.who.int/mental_health/management/depression/definition/en/